The CCMA, which stands for the Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration, is a well-known organisation amongst workers but do they really know what it does? What exactly is the CCMA? How does it operate and how can you avoid if possible, having to see the inside of their building?
At some point in your working life you would have heard someone say “This is not right, take them to the CCMA” but what exactly happens there? UASA has put today’s blog to look at the functions of this organisation and briefly explain how it resolves labour disputes.
What is the CCMA?
Aimed at promoting fair practices in the work place, the CCMA is an independent authority, this means it has no links to a particular political party, business or trade union. Its core function is to resolve labour disputes, provide advice and training on labour relations.
The CCMA has offices all over the country and its main goal is to protect the rights of all parties involved in a labour dispute, so every person gets fair treatment.
Specific Functions of the CCMA
When it comes to the objective resolution of an employee/employer dispute, the CCMA is mandated to:
- Try to resolve disputes through conciliation (finding a compromise between the two parties) or arbitration (acting as the objective third party to resolve the dispute)
- Publish information on its activities and guidelines for dispute resolutions
- Determine dispute resolution fees, if applicable
- Make rules to regulate its own procedures, processes, documentation, calculate costs and then publish these rules in the Government Gazette
Advice and training
Despite the perception that any dealings you have with CCMA is about paying out a huge amount of money to a disgruntled employee, the body also provides advice and training to employer and employee stakeholders on:
- Forming collective bargaining bodies
- Forming and managing workplace forums
- Preventing and resolving disputes and grievances
- Disciplinary procedures
- Workplace restructuring
- Affirmative action and equal opportunity programmes
- Preventing sexual harassment
How Does The CCMA Resolve Disputes?
- Once a dispute has been raised with the commission, a commissioner is appointed to the case must try to resolve the dispute within 30 days
- The commissioner puts together a conciliation strategy that must include mediating, gathering information and then recommending a solution
- Within 30 days or as per the agreed upon completion term, the commissioner will need to provide a certificate detailing the outcome of the dispute
The commission is obligated to protect the rights of employees and employers, so if you are treating your employees fairly, according to the labour law, you have nothing to be worried about.